For the first time the prostate as a separate entity was described in anatomical studies of one Greek physician who practiced about 350 years BC. At that time, however, doctors did not pay special attention to it, and the labors of the physician almost did not survive, so that later the iron was re - "discovered" by a Venetian physician, Nicola Massa. In 1838 Verdes gave the first accurate morphological description of the pathology of the prostate, which was complemented by brilliant minds of his time. By the way, until the beginning of XX century the existence of chronic prostatitis and not recognized by many General practitioners and psychoanalysts, who called him "anal-rectal psychosis". Fortunately, modern medicine has learned not only to diagnose, but also very successfully to treat this severe disease. But what actually is a prostatitis?
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, special male organ, located just below the bladder. Its task is the production of prostate secretion, an important component of semen. In addition, the iron closes the exit of the urethra during erection.
Inflammation, as you might guess, can be caused by a variety of reasons. Due to the fact that the prostate is directly connected to the urinary canal, the most frequent cause of prostatitis is a gland in contact with infectious agents . We all know that humans have enormous numbers of bacteria-symbionts that are part of its normal microflora. But such bacteria leave the colony and into the other fabrics, as they of ally become a source of problems, causing a strong inflammatory reaction. Enterobacteria (the most famous representatives of which are Proteus ), Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas, enterococci, they all penetrate the gland in many different ways. The most obvious way of the urethra, but given that the prostate is connected with the network of major vessels as a transport medium for bacteria may be blood, and lymph.
There is another group of pathogens in a clinical environment-called "atypical" because these agents meet in the order of less. It, for example, include fungal infection — many people have probably heard about the fungus Candida (Candida), which affects the inner tissues and causing disease "candidiasis". Usually fungal spores penetrate into the internal organs when a person's immune system is severely weakened — which in the harsh climate and constant surge of the body caused by tight work schedule and lack of sleep, for the modern man are not uncommon. Prostatitis sometimes viral nature. The human papilloma virus, cytomegalovirus, herpes virus and even the influenza virus (!) can cause inflammation of the prostate gland and a cascade of complications, exhausting the already weakened body.
In addition, prostatitis and the cause is not bacterial pathogens. We are talking primarily about purulent formations in the body: the particles of pus separated from the total mass and enter the tissue with blood flow. Sometimes the blood itself, without other agents, can trigger an inflammatory reaction. If a man leads a mostly sedentary lifestyle and neglects physical exercise, the blood stagnates in the gland and causes the arteries. And finally, the last (but not least) reason is a long — term sexual abstinence and promiscuity. In the first case, iron is degraded due to the fact that, in the absence of the need, the body provides it all a lesser amount of blood, causing the cells begin to die from hunger. In the second case, the blame rests on the shoulders of the partner, which can serve as a carrier of certain types of urinary tract infection. Symptoms of prostatitis is difficult with something confused. The main symptom is sharp, acute, less oppressive pain during urination and ejaculation. This is reinforced by the pain in the lower back, perineum, scrotum and lower back. Due to the increase in prostate size, it often covers the urethra, and because the process of urination becomes difficult. In the case of a bacterial infection often can be observed a greenish and yellowish discharge from the channel, and in some cases, developing and hemo sperm — appearance of blood in semen.
What are the risks of prostatitis
From all of the above it is easy to conclude that the inflammation of the prostate gland is wrapped a number of problems. The most common outcome of running prostatitis — impotence and infertility, as disruption of the prostate entails a sharp reduction in the production of hormones responsible for libido. Reaction to infection is rarely localized in the gland, is usually the focus of inflammation extends to the surrounding tissue. So should vesiculitis prostatitis , pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis and other lesions of the genitourinary system. If the cause of prostatitis was fungal, bacterial or viral infection, you can infect your sexual partner. Agents, sexually transmitted infections that can cause infectious diseases of the genitourinary system in women. In addition, any infection in the blood might cause blood poisoning and lead to a defeat of the body.
You've probably heard the phrase "benign prostatic hyperplasia "in the ads on radio and TV. Adenoma is a tumor of the gland, which, over time, increasing in size, not only provokes the inflammation and can develop into malignant, but simply compresses the urinary path. Why is it so important? It is not only painful, it is extremely difficulty urinating and complete erectile dysfunction. Suppressed body receives less and less blood, resulting in tissue first shrivel and then die off, which leads to the appearance of a large focus of necrosis. This form of prostatitis treatment, is not amenable.
How to treat prostatitis
First and foremost we must firmly remember one simple truth: to help cure prostatitis can only be a qualified doctor . Not the grandmother-the wise woman and decoctions of agrimony, not tantric practices and not packs of willow bark. "Self" this disease does not pass: the longer the patient will delay treatment, the more problems he will face and the more expensive the treatment. Many men do not understand modern pharmacology and have a superstitious fear that the doctor will prescribe them a mountain of drugs that are not only useless, but also cause significant damage to the wallet and health. Should not be afraid: instead of handfuls of pills you most likely will prescribe one medicine for a very reasonable price.
5 interesting facts about prostatitis
Here are some sad facts about the "main male disease" of modern times: — Healthy eating — the key to success: the right diet can not only strengthen the immune system, but even to slow down the inflammatory enlargement of the prostate. — Every third man in the world suffers from some form of prostatitis. — By the way, prostatitis is not "an old man's disease": some of its forms can develop in relatively young (20-25 years of age). Prostate massage is prescribed in most of the cases, but only one massage can be cured just congestive prostatitis. Sometimes massage is strictly contraindicated. — Prostatitis for a long time may be asymptomatic, but he will definitely find yourself with a sharp decline in immunity, for example during disease, with hypothermia, etc.