Insidious men's disease is prostatitis. Symptoms of prostatitis can be varied, depending on the form of the disease. Sometimes, the initial stage of development of the disease are asymptomatic. And very difficult to recognize and diagnose the prostatitis. But the earlier a problem is identified, the faster and no consequences can get rid of it. Often hidden latent form is gradually transformed into chronic prostatitis. This is dangerous, and this men's disease. Urologists around the world recommend men to regularly visit specialists. Besides, any disease is better to prevent than to long and hard to treat. In this article we will examine the main symptoms and signs of prostatitis in men, highlight their main way of manifestation.
Types of prostatitis
All the signs of prostatitis are classified according to the type and varieties of the disease. But what is prostatitis? So called prostatitis an infectious inflammatory process in the prostate gland in men. Mainly affects the glandular and connective tissue. Attention to this problem has been given in the 19th century. In those days, every year the number of patients with prostatitis is rapidly increased. Therefore, it was necessary to develop a complex therapy.
Today, the first symptoms of prostatitis in men may occur at the age of 21-50 years. A young man goes into the danger zone with that time, begins to lead an active sex life. Unfortunately, statistics show that only 25 % of the male population regular visit urologists. And more than 10% of this number diagnosed prostatitis different forms. Therefore, it is important to be screened twice a year.
To classify prostatitis can be different types. So, depending on etiology, the following types of prostatitis:
- Not specific;
Depending on the affected area of the prostate gland doctors say follicular, catarrhal, parenchymatous, degenerative, abscess of the prostate, granulomatous, sclerosis of the prostate. The main types which doctors begin the classification and diagnosis is acute and chronic prostatitis. Treatment of chronic prostatitis causes prostate adenoma, cancer of the prostate, a sclerosis of the organ.
Also, the type of prostatitis can be determined by pathogenesis:
The symptoms of acute prostatitis
Acute bacterial prostatitis occurs on the background of bacterial lesions of the prostate Escherichia coli, enterococci, staphylococci, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other pathogenic microorganisms. In some cases, the acute form of prostatitis may develop after a biopsy of the prostate.
The first symptom of this form of prostatitis is an increase in body temperature to 39-40 degrees Celsius. In this case, different measurements can show a completely different temperature. So, measuring temperature in the mouth, the indicators are normal. The same may occur and for measurement in the armpit. But measure the temperature rectally will show too high figures.
If the process is rapidly developing, high temperatures will be attached to any type of measurement. Other symptoms of prostatitis occur after raising the body temperature. This pain, which apply to:
- Abdomen, back;
- The area of the scrotum;
- Lower back;
- The anus;
- The pelvic organs.
Also, a characteristic sign of acute bacterial prostatitis is frequent urination. Urge to the toilet much more frequently at night. During this process, the man necessarily feels pain, cramps, discomfort, burning. Also, can be increased inguinal lymph nodes, there are frequent constipation. Among other symptoms it is worth noting signs of intoxication, which manifest themselves in the form of General weakness, muscle pain, headache, dizziness, fatigue.
It should be noted that with any form of prostatitis disturbed sexual activity of young people. In acute inflammatory process during ejaculation in the seminal fluid can be detected admixture of blood. The same can happen when urinating. In such cases, the important role played by the timely trip to the doctor. Because the pain medicine will not cure the problem but will only aggravate the situation of the patient.
The symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis
The chronic form of prostatitis is triggered by the same bacteria as acute type. But in the "chronicle" disease enters when ignoring all signs of disease. Also, this can happen if the first signs of prostatitis was "erased", the disease was virtually asymptomatic. After all, not every man in mild discomfort, headache, fatigue will run to the doctor the urologist. Acute symptoms could go very fast, but the inflammatory process is still evolving.
The symptoms of such diseases are the same as in the acute form. But they arise only in the period of exacerbation. Almost always the man feels the discomfort of urination. The process may be intermittent, sluggish. Pain when urinating arise at the beginning and end. And urge to the toilet more frequently at any time of the day. It is important to know that chronic prostatitis is a recurrent form, and the symptoms will occur again after some time.
It should be noted that chronic prostatitis is accompanied by a significant decrease in sexual activity. Scarring of the prostate tissue in inflammatory process damages the relationship of nerve endings with the center of sexual arousal. So, at first, the man begins to complain of premature ejaculation. Then the erection becomes stable, is not stable. Often it is not sufficient for making full sexual intercourse. Reduced pleasant feeling of intimacy. All this negatively affects the mental state of the patient, disappears libido. Sex life fizzles.
Among other symptoms it is important to note the following:
- Discharge from the urethra after a bowel movement, physical exertion;
- Constant aching pain;
- The discoloration of the skin in the perineum;
- Blockage of the ducts, which leads to suppuration;
- Urinary retention.
Signs of congestive prostatitis in men
The stagnant type of prostatitis is often called chronic non-bacterial inflammation of the prostate. This atypical form of the disease. The main features of this form are pain unusual of prostatitis areas — lumbosacral area, pain in the legs. Because of this atypical localization, often the disease is diagnosed is not true. Consequently, the treatment is completely wrong. And inflammation in the prostate gland continues to grow, to gain momentum.
Pain in congestive prostatitis is always accompanied by these symptoms:
- Weak erection;
- Pain during erection;
- Premature ejaculation;
- Decreased sex drive;
- The lack of orgasm.
Over time, the pain extends to the area of the testicles, urethra and anus. Urination too frequent and difficult. Discomfort may be felt in the pubic area, perineum, abdomen. At the same time, a sharp pain will give to the penis and the rectum. There may be some difficulties, and with the process of defecation.
There is another form of prostatitis, asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. From its name it becomes clear that the disease does not manifest itself. This type of prostatitis revealed by accident, with any other clinical examination. Thus, in the analysis of urine of the patient reveal an elevated level of leukocytes. To diagnose prostatitis in the absence of symptoms during the immediate surgical intervention in the prostate gland.
How can you recognize a beginning of a prostatitis?
Prostatitis is a complex disease. He is accompanied by not only a number of physiological disorders, but there is also a psychological disorder. All the symptoms of the disease lead men in depression, depressed state. All of this can lead to a complete lack of sex life, prolonged depression. It is therefore important for a comprehensive treatment of prostatitis.
An accurate diagnosis can only be a doctor urologist. But to recognize the first symptoms of prostatitis, and independently in the self test. Simply listen to your body, the sensations. To suspect the disease one of the following:
- Discomfort during bowel movements;
- Burning sensation in the perineum (long or short);
- Frequent urge to the toilet;
- Difficult process of urination;
- "Erased" orgasm;
- Constant stress;
- The decline of erection.
It is worth noting that these symptoms can occur all at once. But, at least if one of them is necessary to consult a doctor. After all, timely treatment of prostatitis is always quickly and successfully. But the chronic form of inflammation of the prostate is practically incurable and leads to serious consequences.
Methods of treatment of prostatitis
Any treatment always begins with diagnosis. Very often, doctors diagnose an acute and chronic form of the disease only because of the ignorance of men of the first symptoms of the disease. But the first bells were, but due attention is not received. Even with frequent fatigue is best to visit the doctor. The results of research can be identified the main cause of this condition.
So, diagnosis of prostatitis in men may be as follows:
- Ultrasound examination of the prostate gland;
- Rectal diagnosis;
- A survey of the patient;
- The study of prostate secretion;
- Smear from the urethra;
- A blood test.
To get the secret of the prostate for laboratory studies is necessary to make a rectal prostate massage. But, in the case of acute prostatitis can not do this. If you suspect acute enough ultrasound and urine test that completely confirm or deny this diagnosis.
Treatment of prostatitis, usually done on an outpatient basis. There are two basic principles of complex therapy men: anti-bacterial treatment for sanitation of foci of infection, and activities to strengthen and normalize blood flow in the prostate gland (physiotherapy, massage, gymnastics). Speaking of medical treatment, it is obligatory to antibiotics. Also, the doctor is required to appoint anti-inflammatory drugs, medications to relieve pain.
In the case of chronic prostatitis the cause of relapse is immunodeficiency.
The scheme of treatment of prostatitis is selected for each patient individually. The same applies to the duration of the course. After completing a full course of antibiotics, it is important to boost immunity. So while the man must accept immunomodulatory agent, multivitamin complexes. High efficiency in the treatment of prostatitis differs electrophoresis and lavage of the urethra with a special solution. So it is possible to completely kill all bacteria that could cause illness, and to save man from possible relapses.