Inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis) is a common condition that affects more than 80% of men over the age of 30. The absence of severe symptoms and unwillingness to see a doctor leads to dangerous complications and the formation of a chronic form. Regular preventive examinations allow detecting the disease at an early stage. The IMMA clinics have all the conditions for a comfortable examination and treatment of prostatitis. Competent specialists will help even in the most difficult cases.
Features of the structure and location of the prostate gland determine its susceptibility to infections and inflammatory processes. The erosion of the signs and symptoms of prostatitis leads to an imperceptible progression, complications, the spread of the affected area to nearby organs. Often men try not to notice the manifestations of the disease, they do not want to seek medical help. This behavior contributes to the development of pathogenic processes. The percentage of self-healing in this case is extremely low.
About the prostate
The prostate is one of the most important organs of a man, largely determining the quality of life.
It is a solitary gland located at the bottom of the bladder. It consists of two lobes, connected by an isthmus. Basic functions of the prostate:
- the production of a fluid that dilutes sperm and helps create an environment conducive to sperm activity;
- controls urination. The prostate is adjacent to the urethra and acts as a sphincter;
- protects the bladder from ascending infection.
Any irregularities in the work of the gland will cause problems in the genital area, the processes of urination. This leads to a sharp decrease in the quality of life. Timely treatment of prostatitis in men will avoid numerous complications and will maintain sexual activity for many years.
Symptoms of the disease. What to look for?
Prostatitis in men can occur in two forms: acute and chronic.
Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following clinical presentation:
- intoxication of the body, accompanied by an increase in temperature of more than 38 degrees, general weakness, nausea;
- severe groin pain radiating to the lower back;
- difficulty urinating and defecating
The patient's condition in this case requires urgent hospitalization and inpatient treatment. In most cases, the disease is completely cured.
The symptoms of chronic or congestive prostatitis are divided into groups:
- sexual disorders;
- trouble urinating.
Pain manifestations at the initial stage of the development of the disease are erased, can arise and disappear unpredictably. Localized in the lower abdomen, extending to the lumbar region and genitals. The intensity may be low, so the patient may not pay attention to the problem.
Important! Pain in the lower abdomen can be a sign of not only prostatitis, but also other diseases of the urinary, reproductive systems and intestines.
Having problems in sex life is one of the main symptoms of congestive prostatitis. Their manifestations are as follows:
- decreased sex drive;
- "erased" orgasm, lack of vivid sensations;
- reduced or no erection;
- pain during ejaculation or ejaculation;
- increased unreasonable nighttime erection.
Mental health contributes to the problem. A man begins to avoid sexual intercourse, there is a feeling of anxiety, fear, insecurity. A negative emotional background intensifies the signs of sexual dysfunction.
Disorders of the urinary system are especially unpleasant. In the initial stages, there is a slight retention of urine when urinating, then the symptoms intensify, pain and sting, a feeling of fullness of the bladder, and frequent urge appear. Such manifestations are explained by the fact that the enlarged prostate begins to press on the bladder and urethra.
The peculiarity of the manifestation of these signs should be taken into account: the increase in symptoms may stop. The problem is not felt by the patient for a time. This phenomenon is explained by the compensatory response of the bladder muscles. After a short break, the manifestations of the disease return, more often they are of greater intensity.
The development of chronic prostatitis in men can go unnoticed for several months. Late detection threatens with complications, requires the involvement of not only medication, but also surgical methods of treatment.
Important! Congestive prostatitis is often asymptomatic. To detect the disease in the early stages, when it is easier to treat, it is necessary to undergo regular preventive examinations.
The nature of the disease. Risk factors
The symptoms and treatment of prostatitis depend on the true nature of the disease. There are two main reasons: infection and the onset of an inflammatory process.
The proximity of the prostate gland to the bladder and urinary canal, intestines leads to the penetration of infectious agents into the tissues of the gland. A healthy organism with strong immunity is able to successfully resist infection. The prostate becomes a protective barrier against ascending infections that can affect the urinary system. As a result of unhealthy lifestyles and congestion in the pelvic region, this function is weakened.
Pathogenic organisms enter the prostate through the ascending route from the penis, descending from the bladder, through the blood and lymph. Main sources of infection:
- the most dangerous are sexually transmitted infections. They are usually asymptomatic and cause great harm to the body;
- system infections;
- complications of acute respiratory infections, for example, complications of bronchitis.
The main causes of prostatitis are associated with poor lifestyle choices. Heredity and congenital predisposition are rare.
The structural features of the vascular system lead to congestion in the pelvic area, blood begins to circulate poorly, tissues do not receive the required amount of oxygen, as a result, their resistance to diseases decreases. In addition, the secretion of the prostate itself can accumulate, which causes inflammation.
Congestive prostatitis occurs for the following reasons:
- congenital features associated with vascular structure, insufficient tone, weak venous valves;
- injuries, including damage to the spine and spinal cord;
- spine diseases;
- varicose veins, hemorrhoids;
- bad habits;
- hormonal imbalance;
- salt imbalance.
Disorders in the hormonal background cause changes in the prostate gland: an excess of testosterone provokes its enlargement, and a deficiency - impairments in functioning.
Bad habits cause damage to the vascular system. Alcohol causes narrowing of small blood vessels, and nicotine leads to the death of blood vessels. Poor blood flow contributes to the development of pathological phenomena in organs, weakening of their protective functions.
Inactivity, or a sedentary lifestyle, sitting or standing work leads to stagnation of fluid in the pelvic region, the veins are under increased stress, as a result varicose veins develop, the protective functions of the body decrease, various diseases begin to develop, including inflammation of the prostate gland.
With frequent diarrhea, colitis, insufficient fluid intake, lack of potassium in the body, a violation of the water-salt balance occurs, which adversely affects the condition of the prostate gland.
The causes of infectious prostatitis are promiscuous sexual behavior, frequent partner changes, weak immunity, complications of common infections, hypothermia.
Statistics show the rejuvenation of the disease: signs of prostatitis are recorded in young men and adolescents. This is facilitated by wearing tight clothes and underwear, frequent hypothermia.
During the examination, the doctor, suspecting prostatitis, interviews the patient and conducts a rectal examination of the prostate. The procedure does not take long and is painless. The patient lies on one side, the doctor inserts his index finger into the rectum. The proximity of the prostate and intestines allows you to assess its condition. Gland enlargement, soreness when pressed are signs of prostatitis.
To confirm the diagnosis, blood and urine tests are performed, including for the presence of a bacterial infection, an ultrasound of the pelvic organs; study of prostate secretions, analysis of hormonal levels.
The main treatment for prostatitis is drug therapy. Antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed depending on the identified cause.
Supplement the basic treatment regimen with vitamin complexes, drugs that strengthen blood vessels, hormonal drugs, if necessary, immunomodulators. Physiotherapy has a healing effect.
Sometimes a course of prostate massage is prescribed, which eliminates congestion, helps to restore the active work of the organ, and improves blood supply. Patient reviews indicate the effectiveness of this type of treatment. The procedure takes no more than five minutes. The most effective massage in the treatment of chronic and congestive prostatitis.
Important! Prostate massage has a number of contraindications. In acute prostatitis, purulent inflammation, malignant tumors, this type of treatment is contraindicated.
Surgical intervention is possible only in extreme cases and is usually performed in elderly patients, since after excision of the affected part of the gland or with its complete removal, a number of serious side effects may appear:
- sexual dysfunction;
- urinary incontinence;
- hormonal imbalance.
Timely treatment will allow you to quickly cope with the symptoms of prostatitis, to avoid life-threatening and health complications.
One of the main conditions for remission of congestive prostatitis is a healthy lifestyle. Drug treatment will help to remove the symptoms, but if the true causes are not eliminated, relapses of the disease can be observed for a long time. To maintain health, avoid chronic diseases, you must follow these recommendations:
- have regular sex life with one partner;
- proper nutrition, avoiding fatty, salty, fried;
- moderate physical activity;
- adherence to daily routine, healthy sleep;
- quitting bad habits. As usual it may sound, but alcohol and nicotine have an extremely destructive effect on the body as a whole.
- avoid shaking, take breaks, warm-ups during long periods of driving.
What can be done?
To avoid the development of a chronic form of the disease and possible complications, it is necessary to undergo a preventive examination by a urologist twice a year. It is important to take a responsible attitude to the choice of the clinic and the doctor. The asymptomatic course of the disease requires careful examination, a complex of studies.
Regular visits to the doctor will not take much time, but will help maintain men's health for years to come.