More than half of the male population suffers from prostatitis. This disease is characterized by the development of an inflammatory process in the prostate gland. The disease is acute or chronic. It occurs in young men - 20-45 years old. But not everyone knows how prostatitis manifests itself and why inflammation develops. Not taking the disease seriously makes it one of the most common among men.
When symptoms of prostate inflammation appear, many patients prefer traditional methods of treating prostatitis, which is highly undesirable. If the need arises, the doctor himself will prescribe one or another alternative medicine for treatment. And at the initial stage, it is necessary to use certain medications.
Causes of the disease
The inflammatory process in the prostate most often occurs against the background of a bacterial infection. There are no exact causes of prostatitis, as the likelihood of inflammation of the prostate tissue increases with weakening of the immune system. The causative agents of pathology can be staphylococci, Escherichia coli, enterococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
These infectious agents are located on the mucous membranes and skin of a healthy person, but can cause the development of an inflammatory process when predisposing factors arise:
- inadequate sex life: infrequent intercourse, interrupted intercourse with incomplete ejaculation;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- congestion in the pelvic organs;
- frequent urological diseases, venereal infections;
- wearing tight clothing that squeezes the male genitals;
- chronic intoxication with alcohol, drugs, chemical agents;
- perineal injury;
- decreased immunity.
The main symptoms of prostatitis depend primarily on the form of the disease (acute, chronic). It is recommended to treat inflammation of the prostate in a timely manner, otherwise the disease will drag on and will periodically relapse. Therefore, every man should know how prostatitis begins and what signs should be paid attention to first.
Etiology of chronic prostatitis
Chronic prostatitis develops against the background of untreated acute inflammation of the prostate. During the period of remission, a man is worried about mild pain in the perineal region, aggravated by urination, defecation and intimacy. Slight mucous discharge from the urethra may appear when straining.
The reasons for the exacerbation of chronic prostatitis can be any factors: stress, forced restriction of emptying of the rectum or bladder, wearing tight underwear, genital infections. During an exacerbation, pathological signs can only increase slightly, manifested by increased body temperature and slight hyperthermia. Men with chronic inflammation of the prostate are prone to frequent recurrences of the disease. Even short-term congestion in the small pelvis can act as a cause of the development of the disease.
Forms and symptoms of acute prostatitis
The form of the disease depends on what signs of prostatitis in men will be present. Primary acute inflammation appears in the gland. The disease has three forms: catarrhal, follicular and parenchymal. The latter is the most difficult. Men often have no idea what symptoms of prostatitis indicate the onset of the development of the inflammatory process.
So what signs of prostatitis should you pay special attention to? Initial manifestations of the disease:
- pulling pains in the perineum and pubis area;
- discomfort during urination, after intimate contact;
- frailty, weakness;
- slight rise in temperature.
The catarrhal stage of inflammation of the prostate is considered the easiest, but still treatment at home is contraindicated. Delay can lead to the development of a chronic inflammatory process. No advice from healers or friends can be used without first consulting a doctor, since the most effective and correct treatment can be prescribed by a urologist.
Inflammation of the follicular form is more acute. There are severe pains in the perineum and penis, discomfort can cover the entire lumbar region. The main symptom of this form of prostatitis in men is excruciating pain, which does not allow to fully empty the rectum and bladder. Against the background of this type of inflammation of the prostate, acute urinary retention develops, the patient's quality of life is disrupted. If treatment is not started on time, the disease can progress to the next stage - parenchymal.
Parenchymal form of the disease
Symptoms of prostatitis in men of parenchymal form:
- serious condition of the patient;
- increased urination at the beginning of the disease quickly turns into dysuria (complete urinary retention);
- appetite is reduced, the patient is thirsty;
- flatulence, inability to empty the intestines due to severe pain syndrome;
- mucous discharge from the rectum may appear;
- body temperature is elevated, keeps within 39C.
One of the signs of prostatitis in men of this severe form is a sharp soreness of the prostate gland when palpating. Palpation examination of the patient at this stage of the inflammatory process is difficult due to the severe condition and discomfort in the genital area. If qualified treatment is not started at this stage, the disease can be complicated by the transition of infection to neighboring organs, the appearance of an abscess, or the development of a chronic inflammatory process.
If acute inflammation develops against the background of urethritis, urolithiasis and other pathologies of the urinary organs, then impurities of blood, pus may appear in the urine, often experts find traces of protein. With urinary retention, urgent medical attention is required. The disease is characterized by an acute onset with a deterioration in general well-being and intense pain in the pubic area. The body temperature usually rises. The appearance of joint and muscle pain on the background of severe intoxication is possible.
The course of chronic prostatitis
When symptoms of chronic prostatitis appear, men do not always go to the hospital. Aching pains can be tolerated relatively easily and patients do not rush to consult a urologist. Despite the fact that chronic prostatitis in a man has less pronounced symptoms than an acute form of inflammation, the disease directly threatens the patient's reproductive and sexual abilities. And the treatment of the chronic form of pathology is longer, and in some cases even requires surgical intervention.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis in men:
- pain syndrome of a persistent nature, aching pains, localized above the pubis, in the perineal region, tend to increase during urination, after intercourse;
- slightly difficulty urinating, intermittent urine flow is the main symptom of chronic prostatitis;
- discharge from the urethra after hard work or defecation;
- sexual dysfunction.
In chronic prostatitis, the temperature usually remains normal. But during an exacerbation, a febrile syndrome may appear. Usually a temperature of 37 C ° with prostatitis indicates a sluggish inflammatory process. It is quite dangerous, especially for a man's reproductive health.
Chronic inflammation proceeds more imperceptibly, manifesting itself, usually, only with frequent urination and erectile dysfunction. Remissions give way to relapses, but many men prefer not to address their delicate problem to the urologist, which indicates an extreme degree of irresponsibility. The disease even in young men can lead to infertility, and at an older age, prostate cancer is sometimes hidden behind the symptoms of prostate inflammation.
When men have the first signs of prostatitis, the urologist conducts an external examination, examines the prostate through the rectum, determining the size of the affected organ, its structure and density. During palpation, the doctor's movements should be as careful as possible.
Additional diagnostic methods for symptoms of prostate inflammation in men:
- examination of prostate secretions;
- laboratory diagnostics;
- PCR test;
- Prostate ultrasound;
- magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography of the pelvic organs.
It is recommended to undergo an examination as soon as signs of prostate inflammation appear. This will prevent complications, among which are often erectile dysfunction, hyperplasia and infertility. The study of the causes and symptoms of prostatitis is in the competence of the urologist. It is to him that you should contact when even minor signs of prostate disease appear.
Peculiarities of treatment
Many patients make one common mistake - they begin to use folk remedies, delaying the development of the disease and increasing the risk of complications. The treatment regimen is selected strictly on an individual basis, only after identifying the pathogen and determining the true cause of the development of inflammation with the termination of the damaging factor - smoking, pyelonephritis, erectile dysfunction, hypothermia.
Inflammation of a viral etiology is treated with the use of antiviral drugs. Inflammation of the prostate, provoked by chlamydial infection, requires the use of antibacterial drugs. Much attention is paid to strengthening the immune system.
In no case should you carry out treatment at home, since it is impossible to cure an acute illness only with the help of traditional medicine. The chronic inflammatory process requires the intervention of experienced specialists. Modern drugs for treatment can quickly and effectively remove the inflammatory process and avoid the development of dangerous complications.
The following agents are used to treat inflammation of the prostate:
- antibacterial, antifungal, antichomonas drugs (depending on the cause of the disease);
- antispasmodics, analgesics;
- physiotherapy techniques.
Therefore, urologists recommend contacting doctors as soon as the first signs of prostatitis appear in a man. This will buy you time. Treatment with improvised means, at home, is categorically contraindicated.
Every man with prostate disease needs effective urological care. Qualified urologists use proven medicines and modern medical techniques. In treatment, antibacterial drugs are used that easily penetrate the tissues of the prostate. In case of intoxication, detoxification therapy is indicated.
Physiotherapy is also used. It is used when the signs of prostatitis are fading away, as well as to prevent relapse. Any technique used by specialists should be selected taking into account the individual characteristics of a man's health status.
Patients with chronic inflammation of the prostate are given a gland massage. This procedure should only be performed by experienced specialists, as it is a powerful remedy that improves the outflow of inflammatory secretions from the ducts.
Prostate massage refers to a complex diagnostic and treatment procedure that should be performed only by professionals. It is carried out through the rectum. Fingers massage the ducts of the organ, stimulating blood circulation and the outflow of prostatic secretions, the study of which is required in many diseases of the genitourinary sphere. The massage frees the ducts from the accumulation of pus, relieves congestion, reduces the manifestation of infectious and inflammatory processes.
If you do not pay attention to the signs and symptoms of prostatitis, the infection may spread to other organs of the pelvic region, intense pain may occur with difficulty urinating, blood and pus in the urine. In a neglected form, the temperature rises with prostatitis in men, and the state of health noticeably worsens.
The main complications of prostatitis:
- vesiculitis (inflammation of the seminal vesicles);
- prostate sclerosis;
- prostate abscess;
- prostate cysts;
- purulent infections of neighboring organs.
Any of the complications can disrupt reproductive function, provoke sexual dysfunction. Chronic inflammation is especially dangerous. Against its background, urethral strictures often occur, the qualitative and quantitative indicators of seminal fluid decrease. And this threatens the development of infertility in the future.
But the most formidable complication is glandular hyperplasia with an increased risk of malignant tumor growth. A man often does not even know about the growth of adenomas and cancerous growths until they reach an impressive size and there are no difficulties when urinating.
Prevention of inflammation of the prostate gland is aimed at eliminating the influence of negative external and internal factors. It is recommended to avoid unprotected sexual intercourse, which lead to the development of sexually transmitted diseases, complicated by damage to the tissues of the prostate, as well as hypothermia and radiation exposure to the body.
Avoid overly tight pants and underwear that squeezes the pelvic area. Stagnant processes in the genitourinary organs contribute to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, the progression of infectious diseases. It is also important to empty the bladder on time. One of the methods of prevention is a measured and regular sex life. Prolonged abstinence leads to stagnation of blood, causes an inflammatory reaction.
Early seeking help from a urologist at the first clinical manifestations of prostate disease can prevent the chronic course of inflammatory processes and dangerous complications. Treating acute prostatitis is much easier and easier than dealing with a protracted course of the disease.